Archive for March, 2010
Luke 20:27- 33 “Now there came to Him some of the Sadducees (who say that there is no resurrection). And they questioned Him, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies, having a wife, and he is childless, his brother should marry the wife and raise up children to his brother. Now there were seven brothers; and the first took a wife and died childless; and the second and the third married her; and in the same way all seven died also. Finally the woman died also. In the resurrection therefore, which one’s wife will she be? For all seven had married her.”
Luke 20:34 ” Jesus said to them, “The sons of this age (aion) marry and are given in marriage, but those who are considered worthy to attain to that age (aion) and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage; for they cannot even die anymore, because they are like (isaggelos) the angels, and are children (huios) of God, being children (huios) of the resurrection. Now that the dead are raised, even Moses showed at the bush, when he called the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto him.
In answering the question of the seven brothers and one wife, Jesus spoke to the Pharisees and Sadducees about two ages: the one age that they were in at that present moment, and the age that was to come. In their present age people married, but in the age to come when the resurrection of the dead would occur, they would neither marry or be given in marriage, but they would be as the angels and called children of the resurrection. Jesus referred to this time as the age to come and that age would begin in the resurrection at the last day. In the Gospel of John it speaks numerous times of the resurrection at the last day.
John 6:39-45 And this is the Father’s will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again (in the resurrection) at the last day. And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up (in the resurrection) at the last day. The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which came down from heaven. And they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How is it then that he saith, I came down from heaven? Jesus therefore answered and said unto them, Murmur not among yourselves. No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up (in the resurrection) at the last day. It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.….54) Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up (in the resurrection) at the last day.
John 11:23-25 Jesus saith unto her, Thy brother shall rise again. Martha saith unto him, I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last day. Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:
So, what exactly does it mean to be called “sons of the resurrection” and to be as the angels? Well for starters we know that Jesus is “the Resurrection” and all who believe in Christ are part of that resurrection, so then all who believe in Christ have attained the age to come that Jesus was speaking of, thus being considered as the angels…will never die. Jesus says we are raised up and called children of the Resurrection. From that conclusion it is apparent that the death which is spoken of is not the physical death of our bodies, so then the resurrection is not a physical one. It then must be referring to a entering into the resurrection of Christ thus attaining eternal life through Him, hence spiritually becoming like the angels, who neither marry nor give in marriage. That is what is called the resurrection of the (spiritually) dead.
1 John 3:1-2 Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons (teknon) of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. Beloved, now are we the sons (teknon) of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.
Rom.6:5 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection:
Rom.8:16-23 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children (teknon) of God: And if children, then heirs; heirs of God and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together. For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed (apokolupto) in us. For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God. For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope, Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now. And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.
1Cor.15:40-44 There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another. There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in glory. So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption: It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power: It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.
Phil.3:10-12 That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death; If by any means I might attain unto the resurrection of the dead. Not as though I had already attained, either were already perfect: but I follow after, if that I may apprehend that for which also I am apprehended of Christ Jesus.
From the Epistles of Paul and John it appears they both were looking forward to that Resurrection. It was what John described as “being like Him” and it was what he was waiting for in his earthly body at the time he was writing his Epistle. Paul likened this Resurrection of the dead as “glory being revealed in us” and “raised in glory as a spiritual body”, he was also waiting for this manifestation of the glory of Christ to be revealed in his earthly body (as adoption of the sons of God) at the time of his writing, which he also called “the redemption of the body”….seeking that he might attain the resurrection of the dead.
All these terms used by the Apostles referred to the same event that they all were waiting for and that was a revealing of Christ in their physical bodies….that is something beyond what they had already experience by being filled with the Holy Spirit. John says that it was not known to him what change would take place at the manifestation of Christ, but he knew that when that manifestation happened he would be like Christ. With that in mind it seems that the revealing of Christ within them would be a completion of what had begun with the sending of the Holy Spirit that was the witness within believers assuring them of the completion of what Christ had accomplished on the cross.
Could it possibly be that what they were waiting for to be revealed was the freedom that would take place when the bondage from the law was visually broken by every last stone of the earthly structure of the Temple that represented the Old covenant, completely vanished away? As long as the Temple stood, even though believers were free in Christ there still was the visual remnant of the Old hanging over their heads casting upon them a shadow of death. When the veil of the Temple was torn at Christ’s death all was accomplished, yet visually the veil still remained, it wasn’t until AD70 when the Temple was completely destroyed that the shadow of its presence would be forever removed.
Gen.1:1-4 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. 2) And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. And God saw the light, that it was good: (God gave Light [Holy Spirit] to the world)
Gen.1:4-5 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. And God called the light Day (Jesus is called the Day Star), and the darkness he called Night (absence of light). And the evening and the morning were the first day.
John 1:4-5 In him was life (zoe); and the life (zoe) was the light of men. And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.
John 1:6-9 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe. He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light. 9) That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world. (God gave Light [Holy Spirit] to the world)
John 5:26 For as the Father has life in himself; so has he given to the Son to have life in himself;
God > Life > Jesus Life = Holy Spirit
God’s Life = Holy Spirit Light of Jesus = Holy Spirit Light of men = Holy Spirit
The description of creation in Genesis 1:4-5 mirrors the description of creation in John 1:4-5. Both speak of God giving light and that light being divided from the darkness.
John 3:19-21 And this is the judgment, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved. But he that doeth truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in God.
No man can come to Me (Jesus) except the Father which has sent me draw him, and I (Jesus) will raise him up (in the resurrection) at the last day.
It is written in the prophets (Isa. 54:13) they shall be all taught by God. Every man who has heard and learned from the Father comes to me (Jesus).
To get a fuller understanding of what is meant by God drawing people to Jesus, we first must look at verse 45 being a continuation of verse 44. It fills out the understanding of being drawn, and adds symmetry between the two verses with the Father and Son complementing each other in both verses.
How does God draw those whom He has given to Jesus?
I contend the meaning comes from verse 45, where it says everyman who has heard and learned (understood what He has heard) from God comes to Jesus, so the ones that are drawn of God, are one and the same as the ones who have heard and learned Gods Word.
God teaches us through His Word, those who hear what He has said and respond to His Word are the ones who are drawn by God to come to Jesus. Without the teaching and understanding of Gods Word we cannot know Jesus to be able to come to Him, hence we do not hear His voice. We can only hear the voice of the Shepherd if we are His sheep, and we become His sheep by being taught by the Word of God.
What is the resurrection of the last day?
The resurrection of the last day spoken of by Jesus in John 6:44 is same resurrection that Daniel speaks of in:
Dan. 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt….9) And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end……13) But go thou thy way till the end be: for thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot at the end of the days.”
This is also the same resurrection that Martha refers to in John 11:
John 11:23-26 Jesus saith unto her, Thy brother shall rise again. Martha saith unto him, I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last day. Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?
Jesus answers Martha by telling her that He is “the Resurrection” of the last day, and all who believe in Him will never die. This statement then answers the question of: “What is the resurrection of the last day”, telling us that the resurrection that Daniel was waiting for and Martha was referring to is none other than Jesus Christ Himself and the last day is the time of His incarnation in the 1st century.
Acts 6:8-16 And Stephen, full of faith and power, did great wonders and miracles among the people. Then there arose certain of the synagogue, which is called the synagogue of the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexandrians, and of them of Cilicia and of Asia, disputing with Stephen. And they were not able to resist the wisdom and the spirit by which he spake. Then they suborned men, which said, We have heard him speak blasphemous words against Moses, and against God. And they stirred up the people, and the elders, and the scribes, and came upon him, and caught him, and brought him to the Sanhedrin, And set up false witnesses, which said, This man ceaseth not to speak blasphemous words against this holy place, and the law: For we have heard him say, that this Jesus of Nazareth shall destroy this place, and shall change the customs which Moses delivered us. And all that sat in the Sanhedrin, looking stedfastly on him, saw his face as it had been the face of an angel.
Stephen who was anointed by the twelve Apostles, to be one of seven chosen to minister over the daily needs of new believers had first hand knowledge from the twelve Apostles concerning the teachings of Jesus. The text says he was full of faith and power, and did great wonders and miracles. One of those teachings he spoke about was the prophecy of the Temples destruction, given by Jesus in the Olivet Discourse which was to be the sign of His Parousia.
According to what the Sanhedrin had heard from Stephen, it was reported that Jesus was going to destroy the Temple and change the laws given by Moses….that in and of itself is strong evidence that the common knowledge amongst the Elders, and Scribes of the 1st century Sanhedrin connected the Parousia of Jesus with the destruction of the Temple. Jesus told His disciples in the Olivet Discourse that every last stone of the Temple would come down and that would happen when He came back in power and glory at His Parousia.
A false witness was set up to accuse Stephen of blasphemy by adding a “twist” to his message, saying that he preached that Jesus was going to change the laws of Moses, whereas we all know that Jesus preached the opposite. Jesus said that He came not to change one “jot or tittle” from the law, but to fulfill all the law.
Since there is no Biblical account of the Temples destruction in AD70, I can only draw my own understanding from Scripture as to what those who heard the Words of Jesus were expecting the Parousia of Christ to be like.
Matt.24:27 For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming (parousia) of the Son of man be.
From the Gospel of Luke we are told that when the Parousia happens those who see the Son of Man are to look up, for then will be their redemption.
Luke 21:27-28 And then shall they see (optanomai) the Son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption draweth nigh.
The Apostle John tells us in his epistle, that when the Parousia happens he expects to see Jesus as He is, and to be like Him.
1John 2:28 And now, little children, abide in him; that, when he shall appear, we may have confidence, and not be ashamed before him at his coming (parousia).
1John 3:2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see (optanomai) him as he is.
When the veil was torn at the cross, it still visually remained as a witness of what Jesus accomplished on the cross, and as long as the Temple stood the visual remnants of the veil remained, obscuring the true image of Christ. It wasn’t until the veil was completely removed forever (with the Temples destruction in AD70) that Christ could be fully seen by those who were waiting for His Parousia. I think that is the redemption believers experienced at the Parousia of Christ; it was like cataracts being removed from their eyes….no more did they see through a glass darkly, for now the shadow of death was forever removed and the glory of Christ could fully be seen.