Archive for the ‘Eschatology’ Category
Acts 26:7 Unto which promise our twelve tribes (dodeka-phulon), instantly serving God day and night, hope to come. For which hope’s sake, king Agrippa, I am accused of the Jews.
I would dare say that amongst Christians there is no dispute as to whom the Apostle James wrote his Epistle to: that being 1st century Jews of the twelve tribes of Israel. Whether or not his letter applied to others after that, its first application was to his Jewish brethren of the 1st century.
With that in mind while I was reading the Epistle of James the other day, the thought struck me as to how similar the admonitions of James (who was writing to his Jewish brethren in the 12 scattered tribes of Israel) sounded to those of the seven letters the Apostle John was told to send to the seven churches in Revelation. From this perspective it seemed as though James had read the letters written to the seven churches of Revelation before he wrote his Epistle, simply because he was addressing the very same issues that John was. The parallels were so striking I had to take a second look. I decided to pursue this idea to see just how similar the messages in these two letters were by comparing the messages each book was conveying to their intended audience.
The Epistle of James is specifically addressed to the twelve tribes of Israel which are spread out in many other countries (Acts alone names 16 different countries where Jews came from) to admonish and edify them to remain strong in the faith because the coming of the Lord was at hand (James is most likely in Jerusalem at the writing of this Epistle). These 12 tribes are his brethren, so God must have given James an urgent warning to write to his Jewish brethren who resided in countries all over the world (and would most assuredly make yearly pilgrimages to Jerusalem), that the time of Christ’s coming was near….at the door.
Now comparing the opening verse of James (addressed to the 12 tribes) to Revelation 7, we see where the Apostle John is describing four angels holding the four winds; this is symbolically showing that they are keeping the earth (Israel) from harm (Jerusalem’s destruction) till the full number of the twelve tribes of Israel can be sealed with the Holy Spirit (12,000 from each tribe), because the coming of the Lord is at hand (Rev1:3).
James 1:1-2 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.
Rev.7:1-4 And after these things I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree. And I saw another angel ascending from the east having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud voice to the four angels, to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea, Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads. And I heard the number of them which were sealed: and there were sealed an hundred and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel.
James then goes on to tell his brethren of the twelve tribes that they are to count it as joy when they experience trails and temptations for this will serve to strengthen their faith and work patience in them to endure the many trails that lay ahead. James especially warns his brethren (Jews) of the power of the words they speak and how some are using their words to speak lies and cursing.
Now comparing the letters in Revelation, we see where it commends those in the church of Ephesus for their labor, and work of patience while specifically warning them against the lies of those Jews who say they are apostles and are not….this is exactly the message that James is speaking to his Jewish brethren.
James 1:2-4 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience. But let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing.
James 3:6 And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell…..10) Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be….14) But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth.
Rev.2:2-3 I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars: And hast borne, and hast patience, and for my name’s sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted.
What’s particularly interesting about these next verses is the phrase crown of life, it is found only in James and Revelation, and both are speaking of believers being tried and enduring temptation thus receiving a crown of life as the Lord has promised.
James 1:12-13 Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him. Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man:
Rev.2:10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.
In these following verses James is specifically calling his brethren of the twelve tribes who are scattered abroad “firstfruits”, exactly the same as in Revelation where the 144,000 sealed Jews from the twelve tribes are called “firstfruits”. This is extremely important to note because the 12 Apostles literally were the “firstfruits”, that is to say the foundation upon which the entire church was built, and in both these books the “firstfruits” is referring to the 12 tribes of Israel.
James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.
Rev.14:3-4 And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth. These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.
Next James addresses those of his brethren who show a greater respect for those who have wealth and come to worship in costly gold jewelry and expensive clothing, telling them to sit in the best places, all the while despising the poor.
This is the same message that the letter to the Laodician church in Revelation is being reprimanded for. They think because they have costly garments and expensive goods that they are rich, but the Lord tells them they are poor, blind, and naked.
James 2:2-6 For if there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment; And ye have respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit here under my footstool: Are ye not then partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts? Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him? But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?
Rev.3:17-18 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked: I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.
Once again the parallels between James and Revelation are remarkable. James strongly rebukes his brethren telling them that they do not receive answers to their prayers because they ask according to their lusts. Then he calls them adulterers whose friendship with the world causes them to be at enmity with God….this is precisely what the church of Thyatira is being accused of. Jezebel which is symbolic of the world because she seduces those of the church to commit acts of sacrilege, is who the church of Thyatira is committing adultery with….the very thing that James is reprimanding those of the twelve tribes of doing.
James 4:3-5 Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your lusts. Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God. Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain, The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy?
Rev.2:20-22 Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols. And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not. Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds.
James writes to his brethren to continue in patience because the coming of the Lord is drawing near, in fact Christ the Judge is standing at the door! Their endurance and patience is counted as happiness and Christ is likened to the husbandman who waits for His precious harvest to be gathered, showing forth His mercy and compassion.
The church at Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea all have parallels to the Epistle of James in that they admonish their audience to hold fast, and reiterate to them that the Lords mercy and compassion is always there to keep them until the end, also both speak of the Lords soon coming….at the door.
James 5:7-9 Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain. Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh. Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door….11) Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.
Rev. 3:3 Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee….
Rev.3:10 Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth. Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown…..
Rev.3:20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.
These are the top level verses that really seem to shine forth the similarity of the message that James was writing to his Jewish brethren of the twelve tribes with that of the message that John received in his vision of Revelation and was told to send to the seven churches. That message in and of itself is a strong witness to the dating of Revelation being in the same time period (pre AD 70) as the Epistle of James. We see over and over again similar terminology of “then current problems” used in both letters, and an urgent sense of the Lords eminence. Both books repeatedly speak of works, patience, and keeping oneself from the lusts of the world (symbolized as Jezebel in Revelation). With all these parallels of warning and edifications we know that these letters in Revelation must have surely been written to the pre AD 70 churches, to those who were the contemporaries of James; if for no other reason than to warn these seven churches of the very things that James was warning the scattered twelve tribes of.
The next question that comes to mind on this topic is: what exactly was the mission of John the Baptist, and what was his message? The Gospel of Luke tells us that his mission was to turn the hearts of the Jews back to the Lord, and his message was that the kingdom of God was fast approaching.
Matt. 3:1-10 In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea, And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Isaiah, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. And the same John had his raiment of camel’s hair, and a leathern girdle about his loins; and his meat was locusts and wild honey. Then went out to him Jerusalem, and all Judaea, and all the region round about Jordan, And were baptized of him in Jordan, confessing their sins. But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance: And think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.
John 15:6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned.
John warned his fellow Jews, of which the Sadducees, and Pharisees were part of that at the very time he was speaking the axe was being laid to the root of the tree of Israel, and all those who did not bring forth the fruit of repentance would be cast into the fire, meaning that those works which do not bring glory to God will be burned up.
Mal. 4:1 For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.
1 Cor. 3:12-12 Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble; Every man’s work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man’s work of what sort it is.
John addressed the Sadducees, and Pharisees as a “Generation of vipers” and queried of them “who has warned you to flee from the wrath of God that is to come?”.
This wrath that John the Baptist is speaking of to this generation of vipers is the same wrath that Jesus speaks of in Matthew, and the Apostle Paul speaks of in Thessalonians.
Matt. 23:29-38 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous, And say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets. Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets. Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers. Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell? Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city: That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar. Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon this generation. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not! Behold, your house is left unto you desolate.
1 Thess. 2:14-16 For ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things of your own countrymen, even as they have of the Jews: Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men: Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.
The last book of the Old Testament (39th) is written by a prophet named Malachi, in Hebrew Malachi means “my messenger”. This last messenger of the Old Testament delivered the prophecy of the coming of John the Baptist, who would be “the first messenger” of the New Testament, preparing the way of the Lord.
Mal. 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.
The first book of the New Testament is Matthew (40th). Chapter 3 of Matthew begins by identifying who John the Baptist is, and by saying that he is the one whom Isaiah spoke of as being him who would prepare the way for the coming of the Lord.
Isa. 40:3 The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.
Matt. 3:1-3 In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea, And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Isaiah, saying, “The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.”
God’s last prophetic messenger of the Old Testament, Malachi, says that the prophet Elijah would be the one who comes to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children.
Mal. 4:4-6 Remember ye the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel, with the statutes and judgments. Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD: And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse.
The Gospel of Luke identifies John the Baptist as the one who goes forth “in the spirit of Elijah” to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children.
Luke 1:13-17 But the angel (Gabriel) said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John. And thou shalt have joy and gladness; and many shall rejoice at his birth. For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother’s womb. And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God. And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.
Jesus then tells us in Matthew that Elijah has indeed already come as John the Baptist.
Matt. 17:12-13 But I say unto you, That Elijah is come already, and they knew him not, but have done unto him whatsoever they listed. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them. Then the disciples understood that he spake unto them of John the Baptist.
From the above verses it can be clearly seen that the one whom Malachi spoke of as “Elijah the prophet” coming to prepare the way of the Lord, was indeed John the Baptist. And the way in which John the Baptist was to prepare that way was by turning the hearts of the children of Israel back to God (repentance, meaning to turn again)…..before the coming of Jesus.
Luke 20:27- 33 “Now there came to Him some of the Sadducees (who say that there is no resurrection). And they questioned Him, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies, having a wife, and he is childless, his brother should marry the wife and raise up children to his brother. Now there were seven brothers; and the first took a wife and died childless; and the second and the third married her; and in the same way all seven died also. Finally the woman died also. In the resurrection therefore, which one’s wife will she be? For all seven had married her.”
Luke 20:34 ” Jesus said to them, “The sons of this age (aion) marry and are given in marriage, but those who are considered worthy to attain to that age (aion) and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage; for they cannot even die anymore, because they are like (isaggelos) the angels, and are children (huios) of God, being children (huios) of the resurrection. Now that the dead are raised, even Moses showed at the bush, when he called the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto him.
In answering the question of the seven brothers and one wife, Jesus spoke to the Pharisees and Sadducees about two ages: the one age that they were in at that present moment, and the age that was to come. In their present age people married, but in the age to come when the resurrection of the dead would occur, they would neither marry or be given in marriage, but they would be as the angels and called children of the resurrection. Jesus referred to this time as the age to come and that age would begin in the resurrection at the last day. In the Gospel of John it speaks numerous times of the resurrection at the last day.
John 6:39-45 And this is the Father’s will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again (in the resurrection) at the last day. And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up (in the resurrection) at the last day. The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which came down from heaven. And they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How is it then that he saith, I came down from heaven? Jesus therefore answered and said unto them, Murmur not among yourselves. No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up (in the resurrection) at the last day. It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.….54) Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up (in the resurrection) at the last day.
John 11:23-25 Jesus saith unto her, Thy brother shall rise again. Martha saith unto him, I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last day. Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:
So, what exactly does it mean to be called “sons of the resurrection” and to be as the angels? Well for starters we know that Jesus is “the Resurrection” and all who believe in Christ are part of that resurrection, so then all who believe in Christ have attained the age to come that Jesus was speaking of, thus being considered as the angels…will never die. Jesus says we are raised up and called children of the Resurrection. From that conclusion it is apparent that the death which is spoken of is not the physical death of our bodies, so then the resurrection is not a physical one. It then must be referring to a entering into the resurrection of Christ thus attaining eternal life through Him, hence spiritually becoming like the angels, who neither marry nor give in marriage. That is what is called the resurrection of the (spiritually) dead.
1 John 3:1-2 Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons (teknon) of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. Beloved, now are we the sons (teknon) of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.
Rom.6:5 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection:
Rom.8:16-23 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children (teknon) of God: And if children, then heirs; heirs of God and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together. For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed (apokolupto) in us. For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God. For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope, Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now. And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.
1Cor.15:40-44 There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another. There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in glory. So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption: It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power: It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.
Phil.3:10-12 That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death; If by any means I might attain unto the resurrection of the dead. Not as though I had already attained, either were already perfect: but I follow after, if that I may apprehend that for which also I am apprehended of Christ Jesus.
From the Epistles of Paul and John it appears they both were looking forward to that Resurrection. It was what John described as “being like Him” and it was what he was waiting for in his earthly body at the time he was writing his Epistle. Paul likened this Resurrection of the dead as “glory being revealed in us” and “raised in glory as a spiritual body”, he was also waiting for this manifestation of the glory of Christ to be revealed in his earthly body (as adoption of the sons of God) at the time of his writing, which he also called “the redemption of the body”….seeking that he might attain the resurrection of the dead.
All these terms used by the Apostles referred to the same event that they all were waiting for and that was a revealing of Christ in their physical bodies….that is something beyond what they had already experience by being filled with the Holy Spirit. John says that it was not known to him what change would take place at the manifestation of Christ, but he knew that when that manifestation happened he would be like Christ. With that in mind it seems that the revealing of Christ within them would be a completion of what had begun with the sending of the Holy Spirit that was the witness within believers assuring them of the completion of what Christ had accomplished on the cross.
Could it possibly be that what they were waiting for to be revealed was the freedom that would take place when the bondage from the law was visually broken by every last stone of the earthly structure of the Temple that represented the Old covenant, completely vanished away? As long as the Temple stood, even though believers were free in Christ there still was the visual remnant of the Old hanging over their heads casting upon them a shadow of death. When the veil of the Temple was torn at Christ’s death all was accomplished, yet visually the veil still remained, it wasn’t until AD70 when the Temple was completely destroyed that the shadow of its presence would be forever removed.
Acts 6:8-16 And Stephen, full of faith and power, did great wonders and miracles among the people. Then there arose certain of the synagogue, which is called the synagogue of the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexandrians, and of them of Cilicia and of Asia, disputing with Stephen. And they were not able to resist the wisdom and the spirit by which he spake. Then they suborned men, which said, We have heard him speak blasphemous words against Moses, and against God. And they stirred up the people, and the elders, and the scribes, and came upon him, and caught him, and brought him to the Sanhedrin, And set up false witnesses, which said, This man ceaseth not to speak blasphemous words against this holy place, and the law: For we have heard him say, that this Jesus of Nazareth shall destroy this place, and shall change the customs which Moses delivered us. And all that sat in the Sanhedrin, looking stedfastly on him, saw his face as it had been the face of an angel.
Stephen who was anointed by the twelve Apostles, to be one of seven chosen to minister over the daily needs of new believers had first hand knowledge from the twelve Apostles concerning the teachings of Jesus. The text says he was full of faith and power, and did great wonders and miracles. One of those teachings he spoke about was the prophecy of the Temples destruction, given by Jesus in the Olivet Discourse which was to be the sign of His Parousia.
According to what the Sanhedrin had heard from Stephen, it was reported that Jesus was going to destroy the Temple and change the laws given by Moses….that in and of itself is strong evidence that the common knowledge amongst the Elders, and Scribes of the 1st century Sanhedrin connected the Parousia of Jesus with the destruction of the Temple. Jesus told His disciples in the Olivet Discourse that every last stone of the Temple would come down and that would happen when He came back in power and glory at His Parousia.
A false witness was set up to accuse Stephen of blasphemy by adding a “twist” to his message, saying that he preached that Jesus was going to change the laws of Moses, whereas we all know that Jesus preached the opposite. Jesus said that He came not to change one “jot or tittle” from the law, but to fulfill all the law.